Glossary

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  • Radiocarbon DatingThe technique of dating an organic substance according to the amount of radioactive carbon (14C) remaining in it.
  • Raja(Indonesia) a local king or sultan.
  • Ramie(Boehmeria nivea) a plant from the nettle family traditionally used as a source of bast fiber for weaving.
  • Raphia(Raphia sp) a type of palm used as a source of leaf fiber for textile manufacture in some parts of Africa.
  • ReedA comb-like device used on a loom that keeps warp threads evenly spaced and helps prevent tangling. In Indonesia this is mainly found on looms in the western part of the archipelago, as well as parts of flores, sulawesi and sangir. A reed is helpful for making balanced weaves, particularly in textiles with a silk warp. (Two) device resembling a comb, used for keeping warp threads in sequence and evenly spaced. Usually positioned near the weaver, just in front of the leading edge of the fabric being woven. In some looms the reed is also used to beat-in the weft.
  • Resist-DyeingA group of techniques that use resists to selectively dye parts of yarns or textiles, leaving a design reserved in white on a colored ground. This can be applied to the yarn before weaving (ikat), or to the finished textile. The latter type can be divided into techniques where the design is reserved using a liquid resist such as wax (batik), or compression-resist techniques such as stitch resist (tritik) and tie-dye (plangi).
  • RugSynonym for carpet.
  • Sarita (Sulawesi)A long, narrow ceremonial banner, either patterned with local batik, hand painted, or (later) printed and imported from the Netherlands.
  • SatinIn technical weaving terms, satin is a type of basic weave having warps or wefts floats with interrupted bindings. It is also a general term (not used in this book) for fabrics with silky and glossy appearance.
  • SekomandiA funeral shroud from Kalumpang (Galumpang) Sulawesi, usually decorated with bold abstract geometric designs in warp ikat.
  • SelendangA Malay term for a shoulder-cloth.
  • Selvedge (Selvage)The long edges of a woven textile that run parallel to the warp, created by turning the weft at the edge.
  • Shaft (Or Harness)This term is used variously in textile literature to mean a heddle or the mechanism of heddle plus lifting device and treadle. In this book we use this term to mean the entire mechanism.
  • ShedA temporary opening between warps, made during the weaving process for the insertion of weft. See also natural shed, counter shed, and pattern shed.
  • Shed Stick Or RodA stick used to save (hold open) a shed (opening) in the warp for weft insertion.
  • Shedding DeviceA tool for making an opening in a warp, for insertion of a weft.
  • Shuttle/ Spool/ BobbinA tool used to insert the weft during weaving. Shuttle designs vary, but are commonly boat-shaped devices that enclose a spool with weft wound onto it.
  • SilkA protein fiber obtained from an insect cocoon, most commonly the cocoons of the silk moth Bombyx mori.
  • Simple WeaveA weave structure with one set of warp and weft. Also called basic weave, such as plain weave, twill, and satin.
  • Slit TapestryA type of tapestry where the wefts in adjacent color sections turn back at their terminal warps. The lack of a lateral connection between color sections creates the slits in the textile that give it its name. See tapestry.