Glossary

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  • Dodot

    (Java) A man’s and woman’s ceremonial hip wrapper, typically a large cloth made from two separately woven pieces joined together along their long edges.

  • Double ClothA compound weave employing two sets of warps and wefts, each set interlaces to form its own weave and create a distinct layer, thus the name double cloth. Normally the two weaves are of the same type, for example, plain weave and plain weave.
  • Double-Heddle LoomA loom that has a pair of heddles for opening the sheds for making the ground weave. Other heddles, such as pattern heddles, may be present in addition. Compare with single-heddle loom.
  • Double IkatSee ikat.
  • Dovetailed TapestryA type of tapestry in which wefts in adjacent color sections share a common terminal warp.
  • Draw-Cord Or Draw-StringA leash in a complex pattern heddle.
  • DrawloomA loom with a complex pattern heddle that records warp lifts for weft insertion, and allows warp threads to be raised in any combination. In addition to the weaver, there is normally a second person (drawperson) who manipulates the pattern heddle.
  • Drop SpindleSee spindle.
  • Dye Or DyestuffA soluble coloring material that penetrates and binds to fibers (as opposed to a pigment).
  • EmbroideryEmbellishment of finished fabric by sewing threads with various stitches, beads, shells, mica etc.
  • FiberThe base material from which thread (yarn) is twisted, knotted, or spun.
  • Figure TowerSee drawloom.
  • Flat WarpA warp that is not a circular warp.
  • Flat WeaveSee carpet.
  • FlaxSee bast and linen.
  • Floss SilkUntwisted silk with a glossy and attractive appearance, generally used for supplementary weft decoration or embroidery.
  • Foundation WeaveSee ground weave.
  • Four-Selvedged WeavingA type of South American weaving in which both the weft and warp edges loop around and form continuous, uncut selvedges, as opposed to two-selvedged cloths (with selvedges on the weft borders only) produced by most weavers.
  • Frame LoomA loom with a rigid frame around it.
  • GauzeAny sheer textile with an open structure is often called gauze, but in the sense used in this book, gauze refers to a specific type of weave that involves the crossing and intercrossing of the warps. Typically, gauze is derived from plain weave. The warp crossings create small openings in the ground weave, and patterns can be made by juxtaposing the ground weave and the gauze areas