Glossary

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  • Cloth Beam
    The axle/beam to which the warp is fastened (or passes around), and on which the woven fabric is wound on some looms. On horizontal looms this beam is usually positioned directly in front of the weaver, in which case it may also be called a breast-beam.
  • Cloth Beam

    The beam of a loom nearest to the weaver, around which the warp is wound.

  • Coil Rod
    A rod around which every warp thread is wrapped once. This rod serves to keep the warp threads aligned and in order. Mainly found in simple body-tensioned looms that lack a reed.
  • Comb
    See reed.
  • Comb

    See reed.

  • Comp Warp Patterning
    See warp patterning.
  • Complementary Warp Or Weft

    A group of warps or wefts that belong to a set; they are part of the interlacing for the ground weave (thus they are not supplementary) and also used to create patterns. Weave structures with complementary elements can be warp-faced or weft-faced. See samit, taqueté, and jin.

  • Complex Pattern Heddle
    Mechanism consisting of heddle strings with multiple pattern rods or strings/cords embedded in it, used to raise selected warps in sequence. Also called compound pattern leash system and drawloom system.
  • Compound Pattern Leash
    See complex pattern heddle.
  • Compound Weave
    A weave structure with multiple sets of elements (warp and weft), each fulfilling different roles, either for ground weave or for patterning.
  • Continuous Supplementary Weft
    See supplementary weft.
  • Continuous Supplementary Weft

    Supplementary weft that extends from selvedge to selvedge.

  • Cotton
    A shrub plant from the Gossypium genus, whose seed heads produce fine floss fibers from which cotton yarn can be spun.
  • Couching
    An embroidery technique, in which yarn or small accessory materials are laid on a fabric surface and then attached in place with closely spaced stitches, creating raised designs.
  • Counter Shed
    One of two sheds used in making plain weave, the other being the natural shed. The counter shed is usually opened by pulling up a lower layer of warp using a heddle.
  • Damask
    A general term for monochrome patterned fabric with contrasting textures. The technical definition of the damasks referred to in this book is a simple weave structure that employs two types of weave, usually one would be warp-faced and the other weft-faced. Although the warp and wefts are often the same color, the different faces of the weaves reflect the light in a different way, allowing the eyes to perceive the damask design.
  • Diamond Twill
    See twill.
  • Discontinuous Supplementary Weft
    Supplementary weft that extends across just a few warps, i.e. Does not stretch from selvedge to selvedge.
  • Discontinuous Warp
    A warp that is not wound continuously, but is composed of short lengths of yarn. Typically the ends of the yarn are tied individually to the warp beam and the cloth beam, for example warps made of raffia.
  • Dobby
    A Jacquard device for controlling a pattern loom.