Glossary

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  • Warp Substitution
    A technique in which warps, which are normally continuous throughout a textile, are replaced by warps of another color.
  • Warp Twined Weave, Warp Twining
    See twining.
  • Warping
    Mounting a warp on a loom, before weaving.
  • Weave Structure
    The interlacing of warps and wefts that repeats in regular manner and forms the foundation of a woven cloth. There are several basic types of interlacings such as plain weave, twill, and satin. Weave structure can be broadly divided into simple weave (having one set of warp and weft) and compound weave (having more than one set of warp and weft).
  • Weaving
    A process of making a textile by interlacing warps and wefts in a particular order with the aid of a device such as a loom.
  • Weft
    Threads that are interlaced with warps during weaving, usually inserted at right angles to the warp.
  • Weft-Faced Weave
    A woven structure, generally made on a loom with a reed, in which the weft is the main element visible on the surface, for example in bidak from Sumatra.
  • Weft-Float Patterning
    See supplementary-weft.
  • Weft Ikat
    See ikat. In general, weft ikat is a weft-faced weave.
  • Weft-Twined Weave, Weft Twining
    See twining.
  • Weft Wrapping
    See supplementary weft.
  • Whorl
    See spindle.
  • Wool
    A fine protein fiber that is obtained from some animals, including sheep and some camelids, that has insulating properties and can be spun to make yarn.
  • Yarn
    Lengths of soft and flexible material; the basic raw material for making a textile.