Glossary

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  • Warp SelvedgeA selvedge made by turning back warps at the ends of a textile. Found on some south American weavings and less common than weft selvedges.
  • Warp SubstitutionA technique in which warps, which are normally continuous throughout a textile, are replaced by warps of another color.
  • Warp Twined Weave, Warp TwiningSee twining.
  • WarpingMounting a warp on a loom, before weaving.
  • Weave StructureThe interlacing of warps and wefts that repeats in regular manner and forms the foundation of a woven cloth. There are several basic types of interlacings such as plain weave, twill, and satin. Weave structure can be broadly divided into simple weave (having one set of warp and weft) and compound weave (having more than one set of warp and weft).
  • WeavingA process of making a textile by interlacing warps and wefts in a particular order with the aid of a device such as a loom.
  • WeftThreads that are interlaced with warps during weaving, usually inserted at right angles to the warp.
  • Weft-Faced WeaveA woven structure, generally made on a loom with a reed, in which the weft is the main element visible on the surface, for example in bidak from Sumatra.
  • Weft-Float PatterningSee supplementary-weft.
  • Weft IkatSee ikat. In general, weft ikat is a weft-faced weave.
  • Weft-Twined Weave, Weft TwiningSee twining.
  • Weft WrappingSee supplementary weft.
  • WhorlSee spindle.
  • WoolA fine protein fiber that is obtained from some animals, including sheep and some camelids, that has insulating properties and can be spun to make yarn.
  • YarnLengths of soft and flexible material; the basic raw material for making a textile.